Whether you nick your finger cutting vegetables or your child grazes their knee, it’s important to know the correct first aid treatment.
Minor cuts can be treated in a similar way to grazes. However, if a cut has punctured major blood vessels, you must try to stem the bleeding. In the event of severe bleeding:
1. Apply pressure to the wound with your hands (wear gloves if available).
2. Cover the wound with a dressing and continue to apply pressure
3. Try to raise the injured area above the person’s heart
4. Continue to add dressings and keep applying pressure until you can seek medical attention
5. Call 000 if you cannot stem the bleeding
Abrasions occur when the surface layer of the skin is broken. They can be very painful because they sever tiny nerve endings just under the skin. Thin-skinned bony areas (elbows, knees and ankles) are most susceptible to abrasions.
1. Clean the wound with a sterile cloth, and use an antiseptic such as Betadine. Try using Savlon (available at Chemistworks) to remove embedded dirt as it contains a surfactant. If you can’t remove the debris gently, leave it for a doctor to clean out
2. Rinse the wound after five minutes with saline or flowing tap water
3. Cover the cleaned wound with an appropriate non-stick sterile dressing
4. Change the dressing according to the instructions. If you reapply antiseptic, rinse it off before redressing
- Always wash your hands before treating cuts and grazes
- Seek medical attention for all wounds to or near your eye
- You may need a tetanus booster, check with your doctor
- If the wound begins to produce pus, swell, smell or you develop a temperature – seek medical attention urgently
Our friendly team at Chemistworks can help you find the right dressings for any cuts and grazes. Come and visit us!